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Fractional Real Estate Investment in India: Unveiling the Risks and Advantages

16 May 2023 - Tushar
Reading time about 5 minutes

Fractional real estate investment is revolutionizing the way people invest in the property market in India. This innovative approach allows investors to own a fraction or share of a high-value property, making real estate investments more accessible and affordable. In this article, we will delve into the concept of fractional real estate investment in India, explore its risks and advantages, and provide relevant data to help potential investors make informed decisions.

ESG Investing in India

Understanding Fractional Real Estate Investment:

Fractional real estate investment involves pooling funds from multiple investors to collectively purchase a property. Each investor holds a fractional ownership stake in the property, which grants them the right to a proportionate share of the property’s returns and potential appreciation.

Risks of Fractional Real Estate Investment:

Market Volatility

The real estate market is subject to fluctuations in value, influenced by economic conditions and market trends. A decline in property prices can impact the value of the fractional ownership, potentially resulting in a lower return on investment.

Limited Control

As a fractional owner, you have limited control over the property and its management decisions. The property may be managed by a third-party entity, which means you may not have direct involvement in its day-to-day operations.

Illiquid Investment

Fractional real estate investments can be less liquid compared to other forms of investments. Selling your fractional ownership stake might not be as straightforward as selling stocks or mutual funds, potentially leading to delays or limitations in accessing your funds.

Advantages of Fractional Real Estate Investment

Diversification

Fractional real estate investment allows investors to diversify their portfolios by gaining exposure to high-value properties that would otherwise be out of their reach. By spreading investments across multiple properties, investors can mitigate risks associated with investing in a single property.

Lower Investment Threshold

Fractional ownership enables investors to enter the real estate market with a lower capital outlay. This makes real estate investments accessible to a broader range of individuals who may not have the financial means to purchase an entire property on their own.

Professional Property Management

Fractional investments often involve professional property management, ensuring that the property is well-maintained and generating potential rental income. This alleviates the burden of individual property management responsibilities for investors.

Potential Rental Income

Fractional ownership grants investors a proportionate share of any rental income generated by the property. This can provide a steady income stream, offering potential returns on investment over time.

Tangible Underlying Asset

Land, buildings, residential or commercial properties, and other physical structures constitute tangible underlying assets. Real estate serves as a solid investment option due to its tangible nature, potential for rental income, and the possibility of property appreciation over time.

Data on Fractional Real Estate Investment in India

According to market research, the fractional real estate investment sector in India has witnessed notable growth in recent years. Some key data points include:

The Indian fractional ownership market is projected to reach a valuation of USD 2.7 billion by 2025, reflecting a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 14.3% from 2020 to 2025.

Major cities such as Mumbai, Delhi, Bengaluru, Chennai, and Pune have seen significant traction in fractional real estate investments, with a rise in the number of fractional ownership platforms and offerings.

Fractional real estate platforms in India have introduced various property types, including residential apartments, commercial spaces, vacation homes, and even agricultural land, catering to diverse investor preferences.

Fractional real estate platforms in India

There are multiple fractional ownership platforms (FOP) came up in recent periods in India such as Strata, hBits, Asset Monk, YieldWiseX (earlier know as myRE Capital). These are tech enabled platforms and offer seamless online investments to investors. The minimum investment on these platforms typically range from ₹10 Lakh to ₹25 Lakhs and offer rental yields of 8-10% and a targeted IRR of 13-15% on the investment.

Strata is backed by Kotak Investment Advisors, Gruhas Proptech, Elevation (SAIF Partners), Mayfield India, Sabre Investments, and Gemba Capital. It primarily focuses on Grade-A commercial real estate. It claims more than 40,000 registered investors on its platform with a total of ₹920 Crore assets under management.

hBits started in 2019 by Shiv Parekh and is a part of RAYCON group. It claims more than 50,000 registered investors on its platform with a total of ₹300 Crore assets under management.

Asset Monk also founded in 2019 with headquarter in Hyderabad. It claims it has investors from 16+ geographies throughtout the world on its platform with a total of ₹30 Crore assets under management.

YieldWiseX which got formed after acquisition of 2.5 year old MYRE Capital by Aurum PropTech. Aurum PropTech is a listed company with BSE Limited and NSE Limited.

SEBI Reglations

Recently SEBI proposed Micro Small and Medium (MSM) REIT framework to regulate online platforms that offer fractional ownership of real estate assets. This step will give the long awaited regulatory comfort to investors and will broaden the reach of this asset class.

Conclusion:

Fractional real estate investment offers an exciting opportunity for individuals in India to participate in the property market with reduced barriers to entry. While it comes with risks such as market volatility and limited control, the advantages of diversification, lower investment thresholds, professional property management, and potential rental income make it an attractive investment avenue.

As the sector continues to evolve, it is important for potential investors to conduct thorough research, assess their risk tolerance, and consider the credibility and track record of fractional real estate platforms before making investment decisions. By analyzing the available data on fractional real estate investment in India, investors can gain valuable insights into the market’s growth potential and make informed choices.

Fractional real estate investment presents an opportunity to diversify investment portfolios, generate potential rental income, and access high-value properties that were previously out of reach. However, it is crucial to understand and carefully consider the risks associated with market volatility, limited control, and potential illiquidity. By considering the available data, conducting thorough research, and making informed decisions, investors can navigate the landscape of fractional real estate investment in India and potentially achieve their financial goals.

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